Over the last decade, the treatment of advanced melanoma underwent a dramatic improvement. Initially, immune checkpoint inhibitors and targeted agents proved their worth in the treatment of advanced, unresectable melanoma patients. More recently, however, interest grew in combining both these therapeutic approaches in patients with BRAF mutant advanced melanoma. During ASCO 2020, results were presented of two clinical trials evaluating this strategy. Following the initial successes in the unresectable melanoma setting, immune checkpoint inhibition and targeted therapy were also evaluated as adjuvant therapy in patients with resected stage III melanoma. At ASCO 2020, updated results were presented of two pivotal trials in this setting, while other studies looked into the potential benefit of using immune checkpoint inhibitors as neoadjuvant therapies, rather than in the postoperative setting. In addition to this, immunotherapy also proved to have potential in the treatment of patients with mucosal melanoma, or leptomeningeal disease.

(BELG J MED ONCOL 2020;14(5):209-15)