Head and neck cancer (HNC) refers to a very heterogeneous group of tumours with different anatomic site, histology, and aetiology. The most common HNCs consist of squamous cell carcinomas of the pharynx, oral cavity, and larynx. As the selection of the best treatment option for patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head can be difficult, Prof. Jean-Pascal Machiels (Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Brussels) gave an overview of the currently available and promising treatment combinations under investigation during a Keynote Lecture at the annual BSMO meeting.