Pyrexia is a frequent complication of the treatment with BRAF and MEK inhibitors. Its management includes a full infectious workup, initiation of paracetamol, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), dose interruption and steroids. In rare cases, pyrexia is refractory to steroids. Pathogenesis of pyrexia shows similarities with familial Mediterranean fever, a disease that usually responds well to colchicine. This study presents a case of refractory pyrexia due to BRAF and MEK inhibitors in metastatic melanoma, successfully treated with colchicine, which paved the path for a significant treatment response.

(BELG J MED ONCOL 2022;16(3):128–32)