Chemotherapy-induced anaemia is a well-known complication in cancer. With the venue of newer non-cytotoxic anti-cancer drugs, attention to anaemia and anaemia management has been shifted to the background. Nevertheless, anaemia is a frequent complication of some of these newer drugs. Mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors, some of the antiangiogenic drugs, poly (ADP ribose) polymerases inhibitors and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors all can cause grade 3 or 4 anaemia. This review discusses the risks of anaemia development of anti-cancer drugs.

(BELG J MED ONCOL 2018;12(7):307–312)