The diagnosis of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer using the standard white-light cystoscopy technique is not optimal and leads to underdiagnosis of some of the tumours. Therefore, in this thesis, the use of Evans blue dye as a diagnostic tool to aid bladder cancer detection during white-light cystoscopy was investigated using a rat orthotopic bladder cancer model. The results show that Evans blue might have great potential to assist detection of bladder cancer in a clinical setting.

(BELG J MED ONCOL 2016;10(7):281–284)